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Finding Primary and Secondary Sources

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Citations by discipline

As you do your research and begin writing, you will need to properly cite the work of scholars that you have referenced. The major professional organizations and journal editors for each academic discipline determine the citation style conventions. Check with your professor and consult the list of citation styles by discipline to determine the appropriate style for your work.

Citation Style


Style Resources



ACS Quick Guide

ACS Style Guide



AIP Style Guide


Mathematics & Statistics  

AMS Style Guide


Aging Studies & Gerontology, Business, Economics, Education, Emergency Health Health & Human Services, Geography, Global Studies, Information Systems, Psychology, Political Science, Sociology, Social Work


*Biology (upper level classes CSE)

APA Quick Guide

APA Purdue Online Writing Lab


Ancient Studies, Anthropology, Asian Studies, Dance, Gender & Women’s Studies, History, Music, Visual Art

Chicago Quick Guide

Chicago Manual of Style

Chicago Purdue Online Writing Lab


Computer Science, Engineering

IEEE Style Manual


American Studies, English, Intercultural Communication, Global Studies, Languages, Media & Communication, Political Science, Theatre

MLA Quick Guide

MLA Purdue Online Writing Lab


For additional guidance in citing primary sources, see the UMBC Citing Primary Sources guide.